USM Open Source History Text: The World at War: World History 1914-1945Main MenuIntroduction: A Mural as WindowOn Diego Rivera's Detroit IndustryThe World Around 1914, Part I: the Journey of Young GandhiThe World Around 1914, Part II: The Era of Nationalism and Imperialism (1848-1914)The First World WarThe Long Russian Revolution (1917 – 1929)The Decline of the West? Europe from 1919 – 1929A New Middle East: The Rise of the Middle East State SystemChina Between Qing Collapse and WWIILatin America Between Boom and Bust (1911-1929)Africa Under Colonial Rule: Politics and Race from 1914‐1939The United States from The First World War to the Great DepressionThe Great DepressionThree Varieties of Radicalism in the 1930s: Nazi Germany, Stalinist Russia, and Imperial JapanThree Responses to Modernity: Ho Chi Minh, Ibn Saud, and Getulio VargasThe Second World WarSeth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929c
The France-Russia Alliance
12017-06-19T04:47:18-07:00Seth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929c192373plain2020-09-07T02:27:42-07:00Seth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929cDespite tensions between the Germans and Russians in the Balkans (the Germans drawn in by Austria) in 1887 the two states agreed to the Reinsurance Treaty—declaring their intentions not to be drawn into war with each other. This treaty was the crowning achievement of the Bismarckian conception of non-encirclement and of a web of bilateral agreements between Germany and its neighbors in order to prevent a specifically anti-German alliance from emerging. In the following decades, however, the mood in Germany shifted decisively (more in this below) such that the treaty with Russia was let expire in 1890. An increasingly belligerent Germany, a more confident and aggressive Austria, and fears that Britain would swoop in and ally with Germany and Austria (Russia’s great fear) convinced Russia to form an alliance with France. By 1894, the first leg of the Entente—the alliance of Paris and St. Petersburg—was in place. This is not to say, however, that the French-Russian alliance would inevitably lead both nations to war in the event of international conflict. At many points during the tumultuous period between 1894 and 1914, one party or another indicated that it would not aid its "partner." For example, the Russians made it clear to the French that such support would not be forthcoming if France were to go to war with Britain over Fashoda (see above). In the end, the alliance was only activated if it seemingly aligned with broader national interests and public sentiment.
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12017-06-19T04:40:24-07:00Seth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929cThe First World WarSeth Rogoff8splash4703392020-09-18T02:13:08-07:00Seth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929c