USM Open Source History Text: The World at War: World History 1914-1945Main MenuIntroduction: A Mural as WindowOn Diego Rivera's Detroit IndustryThe World Around 1914, Part I: the Journey of Young GandhiThe World Around 1914, Part II: The Era of Nationalism and Imperialism (1848-1914)The First World WarThe Long Russian Revolution (1917 – 1929)The Decline of the West? Europe from 1919 – 1929A New Middle East: The Rise of the Middle East State SystemChina Between Qing Collapse and WWIILatin America Between Boom and Bust (1911-1929)Africa Under Colonial Rule: Politics and Race from 1914‐1939The United States from The First World War to the Great DepressionThe Great DepressionThree Varieties of Radicalism in the 1930s: Nazi Germany, Stalinist Russia, and Imperial JapanThree Responses to Modernity: Ho Chi Minh, Ibn Saud, and Getulio VargasThe Second World WarSeth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929c
Introduction to China Between Qing Collapse and WWII
12017-07-14T02:15:42-07:00Seth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929c192373plain2020-11-12T08:40:04-08:00Seth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929cThis chapter focuses on the history of China from the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1911-1912 until the outbreak of the Sino-Japanese War in 1937, which could also be considered the beginning of WWII in the Pacific. To understand the profundity of the collapse of the Qing Dynasty, which had ruled China for over 250 years, on the collective Chinese consciousness, try to imagine what would happen if the current constitutional government of the United States collapsed amid rebellions, foreign invasion and interference, followed by decades of bloody civil war throughout the country. Imagine that at the end of such a time, as a small ray of hope emerged that perhaps a stable (though deeply imperfect) government would unite the country again, the dominant military power in the region (in this case Japan) would unleash a reign of terror on the country that would both shake the will of the country and the collective morality of the world. Imagine at the end of the war against this aggressor that instead of peace, as came to Europe and other parts of the world after 1945, there was more war, this time the end of a protracted civil war between nationalists and communists, ending in the communists’ favor. And imagine that after all of this, this incredible turmoil and hardship, which struck deep down into the daily lives of the people in so many ways, imagine that you would be faced with yet another social upheaval, this time driven by the communist party in an attempt to refashion agrarian, urban, cultural, and political life in a Stalinist manner. Such a history is almost unfathomable, yet this is precisely the history of twentieth century China, the world’s most populace country.
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12017-07-14T02:14:42-07:00Seth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929cChina Between Qing Collapse and WWIISeth Rogoff7splash4797782020-11-12T23:02:27-08:00Seth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929c