USM Open Source History Text: The World at War: World History 1914-1945

Flourishing of Arts in Europe between 1919 and 1929

If nationalism, communism and authoritarianism dominated the political sphere in Europe during the 1920s, it could well be argued that the literary and artistic sphere in Europe experienced its most democratic, its most individualistic and flourishing era of all time. It is impossible to give a full account of Europe’s artistic and literary movements of this era. It was a time full of famous –isms: Dadaism, expressionism, surrealism, Cubism, (though this began shortly before WWI) and futurism. Architecture saw the rise of a radical new style in Bauhaus form and design, which influenced furniture design, household objects, and eventually whole planned communities and industrial complexes. In the 1920s, Sigmund Freud continued to write works of psychoanalysis, Albert Einstein revolutionized science, and Martin Heidegger launched a philosophical revolution based on principles of subjective "being." In Paris, the world’s most gifted artists and writers met in cafes, exchanged ideas, displayed works in galleries and museums. The names are well known by now: Hemingway, Picasso, Joyce, Svevo, Mann, Stein, Miro, Dali, Malevich, Chagall, Eliot, Pound, Woolf – just to name a few. We focus on three artistic figures of the period, British writer Virginia Woolf, Spanish painter Salvador Dali, and German poet and writer Ernst Jünger.

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