The Silk Roads: Connecting Communities, Markets, and Minds Since Antiquity

Art, Architecture, Archaeology

Bussagli, Mario. Central Asian Painting: From Afghanistan to Sinkiang. Trans. Lothian Small. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, Inc., 1979.

Canepa, Matthew P. The Two Eyes of the Earth: Art and Ritual of Kingship Between Rome and Sasanian Iran. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010.

Forêt, Philippe, and Andreas. Kaplony. The Journey of Maps and Images on the Silk Road. Leiden: Brill, 2008.

Fraser, Sarah E. Performing the Visual: The Practice of Buddhist Wall Painting in China and Central Asia, 618-960. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2004.

Ghose, Rajeshwari, ed. Kizil on the Silk Road: Crossroads of Commerce and Meeting of Minds. Mumbai: Marg Publications on behalf of National Centre for the Performing Arts, 2008.

Grünwedel, Albert. Alt-Kutscha. Archäologische und religionsgeschichtliche forschungen an tempera-gemälden aus buddhistischen höhlen der ersten acht jahrhunderte nach Christi geburt, von professor dr. Albert Grünwedel. Berlin, O. Elsner, 1920.

———. Altbuddhistische Kultstätten in Chinesisch-Turkistan: Bericht über archäologische Arbeiten von 1906 bis 1907 bei Kuca, Qarasahr und in der oase Turfan. Berlin : G. Reimer, 1912.

Howard, Angela F., and Giuseppe Vignato. Archaeological and Visual Sources of Meditation in the Ancient Monasteries of Kuča. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2015.

Klimburg-Salter, Deborah E. The Kingdom of Bamiyan: Buddhist Art and Culture of the Hindu Kush. Naples: Istituto universitario orientale, Dipartimento di studi asiatici; Rome: Istituto italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente, 1989.

Konczak-Nagel, Ines, and Monika Zin. Eassays and Studies in the Art of Kucha. Leipzig Kucha Studies 1. New Delhi: Dev Publishers and Distributors, 2020.

Le Coq, Albert von. Die Buddhistische Spätantike in Mittelasien. Bd. 1: Die Plastik (1922). Bd. II: Die manischäischen Miniaturen (1923). Bd. III: Die Wandmalereien (1924). Bd. IV: Atlas zu den Wandmalereien (1924). Berlin: D. Reimer, 1922–26.

———.  Chotscho: Facsimile-Wiedergaben der Wichtigeren Funde der Ersten Königlich Preussischen Expedition nach Turfan in Ost-Turkistan. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer, 1913.

Le Coq, Albert von, and Ernst Waldschmidt. Die Buddhistische Spätantike in Mittelasien. Bd. V: Neue Bildwerke (1926). Bd. VI: Neue Bildwerke II (1928). Bd. VII: Neue Bildwerke III (1933).  Berlin: D. Reimer, 1928 & 1933.

Lee, Sonya S. “Recent Publications on the Art and Archaeology of Kucha: A Review Article.” Archives of Asian Art 68 (October, 2018), 215–32.

Marshak, B. I. (Boris Il’ich), and V. A. Livshit͡s. Legends, Tales, and Fables in the Art of Sogdiana. New York: Bibliotheca Persica Press, 2002.

———.  “The Archaeology of the Silk Road.” The Silk Road 1, no. 2 (2003).

Mission Paul Pelliot, ed. Grottes de Touen-Houang, carnet de notes de Paul Pelliot, inscriptions et peintures murales. Documents conservés au Musée Guimet, Documents archéologiques, 6 vols. Paris: Collège de France, 1981-92.

Rhie, Marylin Martin. Early Buddhist Art of China and Central Asia. Volume One: Later Han, Three Kingdoms and Western Chin in China and Bactria to Shan-shan in Central Asia. Leiden:  E.J. Brill, 1999.

———. Early Buddhist Art of China and Central Asia. Volume Two: The Eastern Chin and Sixteen Kingdoms Period in China and Tumshuk, Kucha and Karashahr in Central Asia.  Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2002.

Rowland, Benjamin Jr. Wall Paintings of India, Central Asia, and Ceylon: A Comparative Study. Boston: The Merrymount Press, 1938.

Russell-Smith, Lilla. Uygur Patronage in Dunhuang: Regional Art Centres on the Northern Silk Road in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries. Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2005.

Sharf, Robert H. “Art in the Dark: The Ritual Context of Buddhist Caves in Western China.” In Art of Merit: Studies in Buddhist Art and Its Conservation, edited by David Park, Kuenga Wangmo, and Sharon Cather, 38–65. London: Archetype Publications and Courtauld Institute of Art, 2013.

Soper, Alexander C. “Northern Liang and Northern Wei in Kansu.” Artibus Asiae 21, no. 2 (1958): 131-164.

———. “Representations of Famous Images at Tun-huang.” Artibus Asiae 27, no. 4 (1964–65): 349–64.

Stein, Aurel. Ancient Khotan: Detailed Report of Archaeological Explorations in Chinese Turkestan. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1907. Reprint: Orchid Press, 2006.

———.  Innermost Asia: Detailed Report of Explorations in Central Asia, Kan-su, and Eastern Iran Carried Out and Described under the Orders of H.M. Indian Government. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1928.

———. Serindia. 5 vols. London: Clarendon Press, 1921.

———. The Thousand Buddhas: Ancient Buddhist Paintings from the Cave-Temples of Tun-huang on the Western Frontier of China. London: B. Quaritch, 1921.

Steinhardt, Nancy. Chinese Architecture in an Age of Turmoil, 200–600. University of Hawaii Press, 2014.

Tan Chung, ed. Dunhuang Art through the Eyes of Duan Wenjie. Delhi: The Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts, 1994.

Teiser, Stephen F. Reinventing the Wheel: Paintings of Rebirth in Medieval Buddhist Temples. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 2006.

Uehara Yoshitarō 上原芳太郎. Shin Seiiki ki 新西域記 (New Record of the Western Regions). Tokyo: Yūkōsha, 1937.

Wang, Eugene Y.  Shaping the Lotus Sutra: Buddhist Visual Culture in Medieval China. Seattle:  University of Washington Press, 2005.

Wang, Michelle. Mandalas in the Making: The Visual Culture of Esoteric Buddhism at Dunhuang. Brill, 2018.

Whitfield, Roderick, Susan Whitfield, and Neville Agnew. Cave Temples of Mogao: Art and History on the Silk Road. Los Angeles: The Getty Conservation institute and the J. Paul Getty Museum, 2000.

Whitfield, Susan. Silk, Slaves, and Stupas: Material Culture of the Silk Road. Oakland: University of California Press, 2018.

Wong, Dorothy C. Buddhist Pilgrim-Monks as Agents of Cultural and Artistic Transmission: The International Buddhist Art Style in East Asia, ca. 645-770. Singapore: National University of Singapore Press, 2018.

Wu, Hung. “What is Bianxiang?--On the Relationship between Dunhuang Art and Dunhuang Literature.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 52, no. 1 (June 1992): 111-92.

Xinjiang Weiwuer Zizhiqu wenwu guanli weiyuanhui 新疆维吾尔自治区文物管理委員会 et al. Kezier shiku 克孜尔石窟 (Kizil caves). 3 vols. Zhongguo shiku 中国石窟. Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe, 1989–1997.

Zhongguo shiku/Chūgoku sekkutsu 中国石窟 series.  Beijing and Tokyo:  Wenwu chubanshe and Heibonsha. Tonkō Bakkokutsu (Dunhuang Mogaoku) 敦煌莫高窟, 5 vols., 1980-82.

Zin, Monika. Representations of the Parinirvana Story Cycle in Kucha. Leipzig Kucha Studies 2. New Delhi: Dev Publishers and Distributors, 2020.

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