This page is referenced by:
The 39 Works
As aforementioned, The Progressive Dinner Party contains 39 digital works by female artists, which were chosen from Carolyn Guertin's site Assemblage: The Women's Hypertext Gallery. These works can be accessed through their place settings, and are listed below in alphabetical order by title. Also included here are tags describing the work, which include descriptions in the previous page. These tags serve to provide a brief overview regarding the nature of each piece for the reader's convenience.
The majority of the works have been run through the Webrecorder for preservation purposes. Many can still be found in their original states on the web, though the updated version of The Progressive Dinner Party uses the URLS generated by the Webrecorder whenever possible.
Frames, High Interactivity, Image Rich
Tags: Macro Hypertext
Tags: Tables, Slideshows
Tags: Page Refresh, GIFs, Video, Audio
Tags: Macro Hypertext, Tables, Collaboration
Tags: Hypertext, Frames, Java Applets
Tags: Hypertext, Proprietary Software (Adobe PageMill)
Tags: Shockwave, Flash, Audio, Broken
Tags: Proprietary Software (Adobe GoLive 4), Frames
Tags: Hypertext, Frames, Page Refresh, Collaboration
Tags: Micro Hypertext, Frames, Tables
Tags: Micro Hypertext, Page Refresh, Video
Tags: Frames, Image Rich, Audio
Tags: Hypertext, Collaboration
Tags: Micro Hypertext, Frames
Tags: Hypertext, Area Maps, Tables
Tags: Hypertext, Shockwave, Tables
Tags: Tables, Image Rich, Missing
Tags: Micro Hypertext
Tags: Hypertext, Tables
Tags: Hypertext, Frames
Tags: Frames, Missing
Tags: Shockwave, Audio, High Interactivity
Tags: Hypertext, Page Refresh, Audio
Tags: Hypertext, Shockwave, Audio
Tags: Flash, Missing
39 Works Key
To present the 39 restored works, a system was devised involving tags and organizing them alphabetically by title. The works themselves can be viewed in alphabetical order in the next page, and the tag descriptions can be found here. These tags serve to provide a brief overview regarding the key features of each piece for the reader's convenience.
Area maps are used to create images with clickable areas. They are usually presented as a <map> tag towards the end of an <img> tag, followed by a list of screen coordinates. Though rarer, area maps is included as a tag because of the unique functionality it introduces, allowing users to hover over various spots on an image to access different hyperlinks.
This is for works that include auditory components.
Broken or Missing works
Unfortunately, not all of the local files for the works within The Progressive Dinner Party could be obtained. This was either because the work no longer existed (such as Slattery’s Glide) or because contact could not be made with the author for missing files. When possible, an external link to the most complete version of the work was provided in the website.
This tag is applied to works that were produced by multiple artists.
Works that used Adobe Flash to produce animations or sounds were given this tag. Unfortunately, all support for Adobe Flash in modern web browsers will be dropped in December 2020; thus it was imperative that these works were restored within the Webrecorder to ensure their survival.
Frame sets are used in HTML to divide the screen into sections, or "frames", that coexist while simultaneously remaining separate from each other. These are works that use frames as main components for separating menus, images, buttons, and more.
GIFs (Graphic Interchange Format) are still or animated images used by works to introduce animations with technology other than software such as Adobe Flash or Shockwave.
High Level Interactivity
On occasion, a work will demand greater participation on the users part than average to experience the work.
This tag specifies works that focus on hyperlinking text as a way of communicating messages.
Though many of the works featured in The Progressive Dinner Party include images, some of them cannot be easily navigated without them. Such works may be using images as the main way of presenting the piece. Others may include images to provide critical visual cues, such as written cues (like Home, Back and Next), or non-written cues (like arrows and other icons.)
For works that are presented in a linear fashion.
This includes hypertexts that are unusually large, usually as a result of collaboration from one or more artists.
Refreshing the page to redirect users to another is a fairly common practice among these web artists.
Many of the works relied on software produced by companies. Though Adobe Flash and Shockwave are considered proprietary, they were unique and used often enough to justify separate tags.
Artists on the web have many different methods of presentation at their disposal, which includes featuring their work as a slideshow.
This tag is given to works that utilize tables in an important way, such as for images or overlaying content.
This is for works that include video components.
This tag is applied to works utilizing Adobe Shockwave. Though support for Shockwave was dropped in April 2019, Shockwave plugins are still available for certain browsers. Thus, it was imperative that these works were restored with the Webrecorder to ensure their survival.
"Mountain Rumbles" by Deena Larsen
“Your computer will need java to run this hypertext. Please be patient while the java applet loads--this takes about a minute on a 56.6 K modem. (Which is probably just enough time to stare out the window and wonder where the clouds have been.)” -Mountain Rumbles
About the Author
Mountain Rumbles by Deena Larsen is a micro-hypertext containing eight nodes with passages based on the Japanese kanji for “mountain.” Highlighting the relationship between content and structure (as she does with many of her works), Larsen also shows that hypertexts can be short when the connections are based on content, not size.
The passages are displayed in a box at the top-right corner of the window. To navigate the work, the user chooses an underlined word so that another poem relating to that word is displayed. Though the piece is short, the writing and hyperlinks causes the reader to make new connections every time they travel from one passage to another, slightly changing (and in some cases, contributing to) the meaning of the poem.
Hypertext author Deena Larsen has been working in the field since the 1980s, having written the first MA thesis on hypertext titled “Hypertext and Hyperpossibilities.” Thus, she is widely considered as one of the pioneering artists in electronic literature. Obtaining her BA in English from the University of Northern Colorado in 1986 and eventually receiving an MA in English, she has led numerous writers workshops concerning the new genres hypertext has to offer. She has also hosted chats for the Electronic Literature Organization between 2000 and 2005, and taught at Red Rocks Community College in Lakewood, Colorado.
Larsen’s work has been published in journals including The Iowa Review Web, frAme, Cauldron and Net, Blue Moon Review and inFLECT. Additionally, an extensive collection of her works are currently housed at the Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities.
This is the title page of Deena Larsen's "Mountain Rumbles." Here, information about technical requirements to run the work are given, in addition to instructions. Credits are placed at the bottom of the box.
This is the first poem the reader encounters. Like all the passages, underlined words are used as hyperlinks to other parts of the work.
Deena Larsen based her work off of the Japanese kanji for "mountain."
This is another passage within the work. By clicking on different hyperlinks each time, the reader makes new connections between the passages and forms a new understanding of the story.
Links to the work
"Mountain Rumbles" has been recorded in Rhizome's webrecorder. Additionally, it has been crawled by the Wayback Machine. A link to Larsen's plate in The Progressive Dinner Party is also provided below.
View "Mountain Rumbles" in the Webrecorder
View the Web Archive Link
“E-poets on the State of their Electronic Art: Deena Larsen.” Currents in Electronic Literacy: Fall 2001. https://currents.dwrl.utexas.edu/fall01/survey/larsen.html. Accessed 28 July 2019.
“Deena Larsen.” Eastgate Systems, Inc. https://www.eastgate.com/people/Larsen.html. Accessed 28 July 2019.
“Deena Larsen.” Revolvy. https://www.revolvy.com/page/Deena-Larsen. Accessed 28 July 2019.
Larsen, Deena. Mountain Rumbles. 1999, https://www.cddc.vt.edu/journals/newriver/larsend/yama/index.html. Accessed 28 July 2019.
“Mountain Rumbles.” Elmcip. https://elmcip.net/creative-work/mountain-rumbles. Accessed 28 July 2019.
Micro hypertexts are characterized by their small size. This isn’t to say that they aren’t full of interesting content or meaningful connections. On the contrary, hypertext author Deena Larsen argues that micro hypertexts serve to prove that a hypertext is not to be judged solely on its size, but rather on the connections linking content within it. (New River 6 Author’s Note.) The following works within the Progressive Dinner Party match this description, providing users with quick hypertexts that still carry meaning through their structure, links, and storytelling.
Not all of these works are hypertexts in the traditional sense. While Mountain Rumbles by Deena Larsen carries the style of more classic hypertexts, works such as Light is Silent by Jennifer Ley incorporate interactive imagery to supplement the text. Girl/Birth/Water/Death by Martha Conway is another example, which allows users to make choices using various combinations of buttons displayed beneath the text. Despite these differences, the following works all share common elements such as hypertextual linking, short fragments of text, and user agency with regards to navigation.
Girl/Birth/Water/Death by Martha Conway
Mountain Rumbles by Deena Larsen
LiLy Pond: a poststructural gardening thriller by Jyanni Steffenson
Light is Silent by Jennifer Ley
Cutting Edges or A Web of Women by Ruth Nestvold