Mujahedin-e Khalq

MEK’S History

Mujahedin-e Khalq was founded on September 6, 1965 by Mohammad Hanifnejad, Said Mohsen, and Ali-Ashgar Badizadgan. MEK’S founders were all engineers who were former members of the Freedom Movement (also known as the Liberation Movement).
The movement for freedom advocated for the democratic principles enshrined in the fundamental laws of 1905-09 [Iranian] Constitution. This movement, from 1961until 1963, held meetings and was allowed to publish a newsletter that supported “political freedom and the separations of power.

Large demonstrations took place in Iran to protest the arrest of Ruhollah Khomeini, who had delivered a scathing speech indicting the monarchy, on June 5, 1963.

The Shah’s police banned with massive firepower the Liberation Movement. Other pro-democratic organizations were also banned, and Bazargan was sentenced to ten years in prison.

The three young engineers realized that duplicating the actions of the Freedom Movement would lead to the same calamitous conclusion. Because of that, two years later they came together to develop a new blueprint for democracy and freedom to Iran.

They formed a discussion group with their trusted friends to develop a new strategy. Most of these group members were professionals living in Tehran. They met twice a week to discuss religion, history, philosophy, and evolutionary theory.

The MEK Iran spent six years formulating its progressive view of Islam and developing a strategy to replace Iran’s dictatorial monarchy with a democratic government

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