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Immigrant Employees of the Colorado Fuel & Iron Company

A Steelworks Center of the West Digital Humanities Project

Christopher J. Schreck, Author

This path was created by Nick Shaffer.  The last update was by Christopher J. Schreck.

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Primero (Smith Canyon)

Located 15 miles west of Trinidad, the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company began construction of the coal camp of Primero in 1901. As CF&I built other towns and opened other mines, Primero quickly proved to be a high producer of coal in the area. During its first twenty years Primero set new production records. During its peak years of production, the mine at Primero produced 3,000 tons of coal per week and employed 600 men. In the late 1920's coal production declined. In 1928 the company closed the town of Primero and the mine.

Location: Las Animas County

Years of Operation: 1901-1928

Total Production (tons): 8,177,567
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